The pace of migration from Venezuela is increasing and there are now more than 4 million people leaving the country.
After the first term (2013-2019) of President Nicolas Maduro, Venezuela fell into a state of hyperinflation, a serious shortage of food and medicine, while the infrastructure of sectors was as important as health, electricity is at risk of collapse.
Below is the evolution of the Venezuelan crisis as of June 7, 2019:
The United Nations says more than 4 million Venezuelans have migrated abroad, amid the richest country in South America, which is plunging into food shortages and hyperinflation.
According to NPR, the UN calls this “the largest migration in the recent history of Latin Americans and the Caribbean”.
“The speed of the influx of people from Venezuela is amazing,” the UN refugee agency and the International Organization for Migration said in a joint statement.
Most people who leave Venezuela are still in Latin America. Colombia is hosting the largest number of people, with 1.3 million people. Peru ranked second, with about 768,000 people. Chile, Ecuador, Brazil and Argentina each have more than 100,000 Venezuelan migrants, according to the UN.
Many Venezuelans have to work abroad and do not have any savings because of hyperinflation in their homeland.
“I have to cross the border to find food for my children,” said Mariu Materano, 31, while traveling with her four children. “I used to run a small restaurant in the university, but all that ended when the economy in Venezuela collapsed.”
Venezuelan Parliament President Juan Guaido, who declared the interim President for constitutional replacement of leftist leader Maduro, said on Friday that his interim government had no plans to join any more with the Maduro government representative in Norway, according to Reuters. Previous rounds of negotiations were broken and the two sides failed to reach an agreement.
During a protest in the city of Valencia, Mr Guaido said there were no more talks. “Why not? Because if anything does not lead us towards [Maduro’s renunciation of power], it is useless ”.
Maduro’s Ministry of Information currently has no response to Mr Guaido’s statement.