How to help Myanmar’s Rohingya refugees cope with war
Myanmar’s international community is grappling with how to deal with a devastating refugee crisis in the country, as the government prepares for another round of negotiations with the country’s Rohingya minority.
Iol International reports on the crisis, which has gripped the country for the past five years.
The Rohingya are considered illegal immigrants from Bangladesh and have lived in the northeastern state of Rakhine for decades.
In recent weeks, thousands of Rohingya have fled the violence in their country and crossed the border into neighboring Bangladesh.
Iol reports that the situation is “becoming more and more desperate.”
Rakhine’s military, led by former military ruler Aung San Suu Kyi, launched a crackdown against the Rohingya in 2014, accusing them of plotting a rebellion.
It has since detained more than a million Rohingya and displaced thousands more.
According to Human Rights Watch, the government has imposed severe restrictions on Rohingya life in Rakhina and has denied citizenship to nearly half of the countrys population of 1.5 million people.
It is also reportedly using the refugee crisis as a pretext to close off the country.
In a statement to the Associated Press, the United Nations said that more than 70,000 Rohingya have been forcibly relocated to Bangladesh since the military launched its crackdown, while more than 40,000 have been displaced in the border areas of Rangoon and Cox’s Bazar.
While the country is not officially a member of the International Criminal Court (ICC), it is one of the countries most important international human rights abusers.
The country is also accused of crimes against humanity and genocide.
The government has also been accused of committing serious human rights violations during its years of military rule, including torture, arbitrary arrest, and killings of civilians.
Rakhines government has been accused by rights groups of committing a raft of abuses against the people, including extrajudicial killings, disappearances, forced disappearances and unlawful detentions.
As of July, the UN’s Human Rights Council has called on Myanmar to allow Rohingya access to international humanitarian assistance.