According to the Washington Post, NASA announced on the 7th local time that it will open the International Space Station (ISS) to the public from 2020, allowing private astronauts to visit, and eligible companies can also visit there. Business activities.
The fare for “God” is not cheap. NASA estimates that the cost of a single trip to and from ISS is about $58 million . This is just a toll, and there will be additional charges every day there.
The event is not only for US citizens, but citizens from other countries are also eligible.
In the past 20 years, ISS has been mainly serving scientific research. Although it has also discussed commercialization ideas, it has not been implemented. An analyst at the US aerospace intelligence company Teal Group said, “The space station is now allowed to make money, which is not a trivial matter.”
According to the Los Angeles Times, NASA spends between $3 billion and $4 billion a year on running ISS, and the United States is a bit “difficult”. The NASA leadership is also beginning to realize that one day the ISS will be handed over to private companies.
Now, NASA has sent an invitation to the world to the International Space Station to learn about the space journey.
What are the conditions for ISS travel?
The BBC reported that the ISS was jointly built by the United States and Russia in 1998, and NASA does not have full ownership. And NASA has always refused to commercialize the space station.
So far, any company that wants to send products to ISS must prove that the task has a certain educational content, or is built around a certain technology. Any purely commercial project is not allowed, and NASA astronauts are also prohibited from engaging in experiments that may be used for profit.
American astronaut Scott Kelly, who has long resided on the International Space Station, said in January 2016 that “the first flower cultivated in space has blossomed.” Figure / Visual China
NASA issued a statement that the space agency will provide ISS space to private companies and individuals starting in 2020. Companies can use ISS devices in unprecedented ways, even making advertisements and movies on them. However, it is not necessary to have money. If companies want to apply, they must meet one of the following three conditions:
- carry out any need for “unique microgravity environment”
- The commercial application of development must be associated with NASA
- Supporting the sustainable development of low-Earth orbit
The New York Times reported that the journey to ISS lasted for up to 30 days and the cost of accommodation per night was about $35,000, including water and food supplies and internet usage. The 30-day journey will cost more than $1 million and will cost $58 million.
According to the US media Gizmodo, this trip has 4 seats each time, and NASA can earn about 4.2 million US dollars for such a mission. However, only two missions are performed a year. It can be seen that NASA’s purchases and sales do not earn much.
The specific visitor arrangements are handled by Boeing and Musk’s Space X companies, who will select visitors to ensure that astronauts meet the medical and training requirements required for space flight.
In April of this year, the Space X Falcon heavy rocket carrying the Saudi Arabsat 6A communications satellite was launched for the first time. Figure / Visual China
As early as 2001, the Russian Federal Space Agency had carried out such a business. When the 60-year-old millionaire Dennis Tito of California, USA, was sent to ISS, he became the world’s first space traveler.
Dennis Tito spent $20 million on a Russian rocket to the ISS for a one-week vacation. This trip has annoyed NASA, which the US believes is an improper use of ISS. There has been a dispute between the Russian Space Agency and NASA. NASA is opposed to letting inexperienced people go to the ISS and thinks it will threaten the safety of astronauts. Russia believes that the space agency with a serious shortage of funds will develop new sources of funding. There is no harm.
ISS needs private enterprise to save?
According to the Washington Post, the US government plans to stop direct injection of ISS from 2025, but it is not to abandon this space laboratory, but intends to transfer it to the private sector.
In other words, the United States must complete financing for the privatization of ISS within six years. The relevant documents mentioned that NASA will expand international and commercial cooperation in the future to ensure the operation of the space station in low earth orbit, but the focus is to transform the future operation of the space station into a “commercial platform” open to the industry.
As part of the “commercialization” of ISS, NASA will create a space station port and utilities for the private sector, hoping that many private space stations will float over the earth in the future.
According to the US media The Verge, NASA has authorized 12 companies to study how to build space stations that can be attached to the current International Space Station or float freely in low-Earth orbit for scientific research and commercial activities. The cost of transporting goods and astronauts to the space station is very expensive, which is a huge obstacle to R&D.
According to the BBC, as a cooperative project between the United States, Russia, the European Space Agency, Japan and Canada, ISS has been an astronaut since 2000, and its discoveries continue to make people think that this space station costing $100 billion Value for money.
However, the remaining days of ISS are running out. The investment period agreed by the multinational space agency was only 2024, which means that after five years, the ISS may leave the orbit and disintegrate and burn in the Pacific Ocean.
NASA astronaut Michael Foale pointed out that unless the private sector intervenes, the end of the International Space Station will cost millions of taxpayers from all over the world to pay.